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Image bank linked to technological platform of risk and disaster management in the state of SP: modeling for control and loading of records from Geological Institute's collection related to the physical terrain characteristics of the and disaster events.

Grant number: 22/15024-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2023
Effective date (End): January 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Physical Geography
Principal Investigator:Rosangela Do Amaral
Grantee:Matheus Puliti Pinto
Host Institution: Instituto de Pesquisas Ambientais (IPA). Secretaria de Meio Ambiente, Infraestrutura e Logística (São Paulo - Estado). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The project includes the modeling and evaluation of a systematic procedure to insertion of images related to assessments and mapping of hazards, vulnerabilities and risks, in a database that makes up the Research and Services Platform for Risk and Disaster Management (PL- GRD-IG) of Geological Institute (IG), currently the Environmental Research Institute (IPA), of Secretariat of Infrastructure and Environment of the State of São Paulo. The platform is intended to support institutional action to public policy instruments that interface with risk and disaster management, such as preventive and contingency plans for civil defense, municipal master plans, economic ecological zoning, conservation units, road contingency plans, housing plans, etc., and was developed based on the guidelines of the research program "Risk and Disaster Management (RDM) related to Natural Events", which adds a line of research related to the use of geotechnologies and technological innovation in RDM. Given the Institute's activities on the subject since 1988, a large and varied collection of images was created, which requires robust and automated document management systems for adequate storage and directed access to information represented in the photographs. With the recent development of the image management environment at PL-GRD-IG, which allows the management and use of available photographic records, it was considered necessary to establish a systematic procedure for inserting images in the database, made possible by an application developed for loading and describing images in the platform's DB, as well as testing and verifying descriptive terms to be used in the description and search of attributes recorded in the photographs. The procedure to be developed considers steps of: inventory and selection of images from the collection; reorganizing folders into backgrounds and collections; load test and description of images; georeferencing test and repositioning of records in the database; evaluation of keywords and descriptive terms of the images; systematization of procedure for future and complementary loads. The available application, structured based on the Survey123 geoprocessing tool, includes an indexing and description form of the images linked to a form, which can be adapted, and includes information about the registration data and location of the photos; as well as aspects associated with land cover and use; events and disasters occurred; terrain features; instability factors; dangerous processes; vulnerability; damage; risk and mitigating measures. In addition, the tool allows georeferencing and repositioning of images based on capturing or defining the geographic coordinates of each record. The research will allow the establishment of a systematic procedure to be adopted for future data loads in the database, including the passive load of images that make up the collection, as well as new records that will be obtained. In addition, it will allow evaluating the need for adjustments in the functionalities and/or in the description terminology initially available in the developed application.

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