The region surrounding the center of our Galaxy is one of most complex and richest regions studied in high energy astrophysics harboring a variety of potential sources of high-energy radiation. Among these sources there is the closest supermassive black hole to Earth, a cosmic Pevatron, dense molecular clouds, strong star-forming activity, multiple supernova remnants and pulsar wind nebulae, arc-like radio structures, as well as the base of what may be large-scale galactic outflows. This project aims to reconstruct the radiative models that can explain the gamma-ray emission from the Galactic Ridge as seen by gamma-ray telescopes. Special attention will be given to the learning of advanced astronomical softwares to handle gamma-ray data, such as Astropy, Gammapy, CTools, and numerical libraries that can generate non-thermal radiation from a population of relativistic particle, such as Naima or Gamera. These softwares will be used to analyze and model real data from the Fermi-LAT and H.E.S.S. telescopes of the Central Molecular Zone. After the successful implementation of this analysis to real data, the sensitivity of future observatories, such as the Southern Wide field-of-view Gamma-ray Observatory (SWGO) and the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), to constraint different models of non-thermal gamma-ray emission in the Galactic Center region will be performed.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: