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Physical and mechanical characterization of a bilayered zirconia system: influence of hydrothermal aging

Grant number: 22/07733-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2022
Effective date (End): December 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Dental Materials
Principal Investigator:Estevam Augusto Bonfante
Grantee:Edisa de Oliveira Sousa
Host Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Bauru , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:21/06730-7 - Towards sustainable zirconia recycled from milling waste and boosted by glass infiltration for restorative use, and of the development of strong, graded, and aging resistant multilayered zirconia blocks, AP.JP2
Associated scholarship(s):23/02142-9 - Nanomechanical characterization of an experimental bilayered zirconia system, BE.EP.MS


A strategy to further improve the mechanical properties of ultra-translucent zirconia systems (Y-PSZ) has been recently proposed through the development of layered systems. However, multilayered zirconia systems have shown a significant reduction in the strength relative to the isolated counterparts, which was associated with the presence of defects at the interface. Hence, the objective of the present study will be the study of different zirconia powders and processing routes for bilayered zirconia systems, and to investigate their optical and mechanical performance when subjected to hydrothermal aging. Commercial zirconia powders (3Y-TZP, 4Y-PSZ, and 5Y-PSZ) will be acquired. Bilayered zirconia discs will be processed via successive uniaxial pressing, where the first layer will consist of a 3Y-TZP or a 4Y-PSZ powder and the second layers of a 5Y-PSZ. After sintering and polishing, half of the specimens will be aged and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) to investigate microstructure and crystalline content, respectively. The density will be determined using Archimedes principle. Optical properties will be evaluated in a spectrophotometer using reflectance tests. The hardness will be calculated using Vickers indentation test. The biaxial flexural strength test will be conducted to determine the probability of survival, Weibull modulus and characteristic strength. (AU)

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