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Assessing breast Cancer patients' understanding and decision-making skills about palliative care and advance care planning

Grant number: 22/03842-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2022
Effective date (End): April 30, 2023
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Collective Health - Preventive Medicine
Principal researcher:Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva
Grantee:Laura Fiacadori de Almeida
Home Institution: Hospital do Câncer de Barretos. Fundação Pio XII (FP). Barretos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Faced with a life-threatening disease that generates suffering and anxiety about its diagnosis and prognosis, the cancer patient experiences pain in all domains. Palliative Care (PC) is considered an approach that aims to improve the perceived quality of life of patients as well as their families when facing problems associated with life-threatening diseases. This caring approach has as its main objective the prevention and relief of suffering through early identification, correct assessment, and treatment of pain and other domains, whether physical, psychosocial, or even spiritual. Thus, care that is integrated with standard treatment, valuing the decisions, and advanced care planning of each patient, with a focus on overall well-being is necessary and can be provided in oncology clinical practice. Objective: To evaluate the understanding and decision-making capacity of breast cancer patients regarding palliative care and advance care planning. Materials and Methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study will be carried out at the Hospital de Câncer de Barretos with patients from the breast cancer outpatient clinic. Expected results: It is expected, by means of the instruments, to identify the patients' knowledge about Palliative Care and their decision-making capacities in order to propose in future research the implementation of educational strategies that may facilitate the early referral of these patients to palliative care as well as implement advance care planning in clinical practice.(AU)

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