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Evaluation of the systemic and oral conditions of women during pregnancy and the baby's birth weight: a prospective cohort

Grant number: 21/06053-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2022
Effective date (End): April 30, 2023
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Pediatric Dentistry
Principal researcher:Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales Peres
Grantee:Bruno Gualtieri Jesuino
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Bauru , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This study aims to assess the systemic and periodontal conditions and quality of life of pregnant women and monitor the weight of babies at birth. In addition to verifying which variables are associated with the outcome of birth weight below normal. Pregnant women will be evaluated for systemic and oral conditions. After birth, babies will be divided into two groups: babies with normal weight (G1=60) and babies with underweight (G2=60), making a total of 120 babies. The research will be divided into T1 and T2, with T1 being the moment at which gestational data will be collected, namely: education, monthly family income, systemic condition, periodontal condition, oral hygiene habits, quality of life, in addition to the diagnosis of COVID -19 in pregnancy; T2 is the time when the data will be recruited after the baby's birth, which will serve to divide the groups, being, therefore: the baby's data at birth (week of birth, weight and height), as well as a new analysis of systemic condition, periodontal condition, oral hygiene habits and quality of life after delivery. Regarding collection, patients will be recruited from the Basic Health Units (UBS) in the city of Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil. The babies of the patients in the sample will be classified according to the data obtained from the babies' medical follow-up card. As a result, periodontal disease is expected to be associated with underweight birth weight, furthermore it is thought that mothers of underweight babies have a worse quality of life, and finally that mothers with a positive diagnosis for COVID-19 have babies with some change, either in the week of birth or in their birth weight. (AU)

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