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Epigenetic characterization in teeth with vital pulp tissues and associated periodontal disease before and after endodontic procedures

Grant number: 21/14459-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2022
Effective date (End): May 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Endodontics
Principal Investigator:Brenda Paula Figueiredo de Almeida Gomes
Grantee:Lidiane Mendes Louzada
Supervisor: Henry Fergus Duncan
Host Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (FOP). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Research place: Trinity College Dublin, Ireland  
Associated to the scholarship:19/19300-0 - Investigation of the clinical, microbiological and immunological aspects of teeth with diagnosis of primary periodontal lesions with secondary endodontic involvement, BP.DR


Bacteria and their virulence factors play important role in the induction of pulpal and periradicular diseases. Biofilms are the main etiological factors in the pulp and periodontium inflammation. In cases of vital pulp tissues and associated periodontal disease, the bacteria from periodontal pockets are the primary source of infection to the dental pulp through pathways of infection (i.e., dentinal tubules, lateral canals, apical foramen, etc). Consequently, the hosts' immune system releases a range of inflammatory mediators, contributing to both destructive and reparative processes. Epigenetic mechanisms have been shown to be highly involved in orchestrating inflammatory diseases including periodontitis, pulpitis, and apical periodontitis. The objectives of this clinical research are threefold and include: a) to compare the gene expression profile related to inflammation in periodontal samples of sound, unrestored teeth and those with vital pulp and associated periodontal disease; b) to compare the gene expression profile before and after root canal treatment procedures in teeth with vital pulps and associated periodontal disease; and c) to compare the inflammatory pattern and gene promoter methylation status in sound teeth and those with vital pulp and associated periodontal disease after root canal treatment procedures. Ten periodontal samples from unrestored, sound teeth, 10 periodontal samples before endodontic treatment (baseline) and 10 periodontal samples after endodontic procedures (30 days after intracanal medication) will be selected for this study. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRTPCR) using SYBR-green uorescence quantication system in a Step-One real-time PCR will be performed as well as bisulphite modification and gene-specific qRT-PCR evaluation of methylation status of selected inflammatory genes. The results obtained will be statistically analyzed using SPSS for WINDOWS, version 19.0 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL, USA). Significance levels will be set at 5% (P < 0.05). (AU)

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