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Elitism, Fascism and the crisis of democracy in interwar Italian political debate

Grant number: 21/10317-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): April 25, 2022
Effective date (End): October 24, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Theory
Principal Investigator:Alvaro Gabriel Bianchi Mendez
Grantee:Alvaro Gabriel Bianchi Mendez
Host Investigator: Peter D. Thomas
Host Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Research place: Brunel University, England  


The objective of this research is to investigate the Italian political debate about the so-called "crisis of parliamentary democracy" in the inter-war period, highlighting the translation that the fascists made of liberal-elitist thought. In this process of appropriation and re-elaboration of the lexicon and elitist theory by the fascists, there is a translation of a language of science that had the idea of prudence as a nodal point, into a language of politics that was organized around the idea of will. The investigation will reconstruct the fascist debates on the subject in four important periodicals: Gerarchia, directed by Benito Mussolini himself; Educazione Fascista/Civiltà Fascista, edited by Giovanni Gentile; Critica Fascista, by Giuseppe Bottai; and Politica, founded by Francesco Coppola and Alfredo Rocco. (AU)

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