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Structural relaxation of glass and its influence on other dynamic processes

Grant number: 21/03374-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2021
Effective date (End): March 31, 2026
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Materials and Metallurgical Engineering - Nonmetallic Materials
Principal Investigator:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Grantee:Ricardo Felipe Lancelotti
Host Institution: Centro de Ciências Exatas e de Tecnologia (CCET). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/07793-6 - CEPIV - Center for Teaching, Research and Innovation in Glass, AP.CEPID
Associated scholarship(s):22/07679-8 - Atomistic origin of structural relaxation in lead metasilicate and lithium disilicate glasses, BE.EP.DR


Glasses are thermodynamically unstable materials. Hence, they spontaneously relax towards the supercooled liquid state. The structural relaxation process is an irreversible, time-dependent phenomenon, which may be experimentally detected by measuring some property over time at temperatures close to the glass transition. Although it is already reasonably known, glass relaxation still has many unknown features. Therefore, this doctoral project aims at a detailed study of relaxation regarding some open scientific problems. We plan to focus on the following topics: structural relaxation via three different properties (refractive index, ionic conductivity and density), analyzing whether the relaxation kinetics depends on the property; the influence of relaxation on crystallization; in-situ and ex-situ relaxation, comparing the kinetics when the property is measured directly at the heat treatment temperature (in-situ) versus room temperature after heat treatment (ex-situ); possible structural changes of the glasses after complete relaxation; relationship between the relaxation times measured experimentally with those calculated via Maxwell equation by shear modulus measurements; temperature dependence of experimental relaxation times versus those calculated via Maxwell equation; and, finally, the influence of structural relaxation and residual stresses in the chemical strengthening process via ion exchange (the same process used in the famous Gorilla glass of smartphones). This doctoral project is original at the international level, with a deepening of some themes that we studied previously, as well as discussed in an interview for Agência FAPESP about the international award of this work initial part. In addition, we will cover several other problems that have not yet been studied. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
LANCELOTTI, RICARDO FELIPE; RODRIGUES, ANA CANDIDA MARTINS; ZANOTTO, EDGAR DUTRA. Structural relaxation dynamics of a silicate glass probed by refractive index and ionic conductivity. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, v. 106, n. 10, p. 8-pg., . (21/03374-5, 13/07793-6)

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