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Stellar parameters to S-PLUS stars through SED fitting

Grant number: 21/09528-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2021
Effective date (End): May 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Astronomy - Stellar Astrophysics
Principal researcher:Felipe de Almeida Fernandes
Grantee:Guilherme Fabricio Bolutavicius
Home Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:19/26492-3 - Science with the Brazilian robotic telescope, AP.TEM

Abstract

It's undeniable that knowing stellar parameters (effective temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity) is important for many fields in astronomy. One way to obtain these parameters is through multi-band photometry, like the one provided by the S-PLUS survey. The outstanding characteristic of S-PLUS is the use of 12 filters, including 5 broad-bands and 7 narrow-bands centered in key spectral features sensitive to metallicity (like J0378, around the OII line) and surface gravity (J0515, around the Mgb triplet). Another advantage of S-PLUS is that the pipeline developed for its calibration uses a SED fitting technique (synthetic stellar spectra are fitted to the spectral energy distribution estimated using the photometric magnitudes), which means that these parameters are obtained during the calibration process. However, our preliminary analysis shows that the currently adjusted spectra suffer from the degeneracy problem between effective temperature and extinction, which can result in an incorrect photometric calibration. This project aims to improve the current SED fitting of the calibration pipeline (adopting a Bayesian approach in the fitting and an interpolation of the synthetic models to better cover the parameter space) to obtain more accurate parameters and at the same time improve the photometric calibration of S-PLUS. (AU)

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