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Electricity in the kitchen: hygiene, rationality and consumption in São Paulo (1920-1960)

Grant number: 21/11529-9
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): February 14, 2022
Effective date (End): June 28, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Modern and Contemporary History
Principal Investigator:Vânia Carneiro de Carvalho
Grantee:Laura Stocco Felicio
Supervisor: Jocelyn Olcott
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Duke University, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:19/19840-5 - The electrification of the kitchen: the domestic space in the cast of modernity (São Paulo, 1908-1960), BP.MS


This project is a part of the Master's research Electricity in the kitchen: hygiene,rationality and consumption in São Paulo (1920-1960) developed in the Social HistoryPostgraduate Program at the University of São Paulo. The aim is to study the use ofelectrical appliances in the house kitchens of São Paulo during the first half of the 20thcentury. In São Paulo, the concepts of hygiene and rationality associated with the idea ofmaterial progress acted in urban reforms and in the industrialization process andcontributed to tension the social and work relationship between homemakers and maids.The performance of United States appliance manufacturers and advertisingagencies in Brazil were responsible for spreading a foreign model of "modern kitchen" inLatin America. In view of the difference between the daily life of São Paulo citizens andthe US standard of domesticity, middle class and consumption, the study of the processof production and circulation of advertising planned for this internship will allow us tounderstand the importance of adapting visual and rhetorical discourses for the appropriation of artifacts in different realities.

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