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Why agrarian conflicts turn violent in Latin America (LA)? Understanding the food crisis and how to alleviate the agrarian violence impacts

Grant number: 20/12847-1
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): January 04, 2022
Effective date (End): December 16, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Public Policies
Principal researcher:Artur Zimerman
Grantee:Artur Zimerman
Host: Kathryn Ann Hochstetler
Home Institution: Centro de Engenharia, Modelagem e Ciências Sociais Aplicadas (CECS). Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC). Ministério da Educação (Brasil). Santo André , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of London, England  

Abstract

Agrarian violence, caused by the lack of (enough) food or food distribution failure, especially for the vulnerable people, is a serious problem in the contemporary world, where hundreds of millions of people today are starving or do not receive the minimum amount of calories necessary for a healthy dietary, including children, which will compromise their future life. It is a problem basically confined to undeveloped or developing countries, and Latin America is among the regions affected by it. Therefore, the research tries to cover the statistical causal explanation for Latin American agrarian violence generated by food crises. The starting point for such explanations would be to analyze some indicators, as follows: (a) land grabbing; (b) climate change; (c) political polarization/party sorting; (d) demographic pressures. Each of these agrarian violence indicators will bring measurable variables that, together, lead to casualties. After the descriptive statistics of these indicators, in case of viability, causality of the independent variables to agrarian violence will be imputed in different explanatory models. We will build a database for selected Latin American countries for analysis and, after concluding our remarks, public policy will assist decision-makers to reduce agrarian violence and, therefore, casualties generated by food crises in Latin America. It is a subject not much discussed in Brazilian and Latin American literature, based on the robustness of scientific research, specially analyzing data, and that will enable a dialogue with the international literature, necessary contribution to advance science in this specific area. (AU)

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