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An emergency response system using fog-assisted vehicular ad hoc network for smart cities

Grant number: 21/10647-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2021
Effective date (End): June 30, 2023
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Computer Science - Computer Systems
Cooperation agreement: CNPq - INCTs
Principal researcher:Roberto Hirata Junior
Grantee:Kifayat Ullah
Home Institution: Instituto de Matemática e Estatística (IME). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/50937-1 - INCT 2014: on the Internet of the Future, AP.TEM


Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET) has emerged as a network of smart vehicles. The goal of VANET is to reduce road accidents, carbon dioxide emission, congestion, and travel costs. Theproliferation of VANET paves the way for the creation and deployment of a plethora of applications. One such application area is the detection and reporting of road accidents. Bothtraditional (e.g., calling on emergency numbers) and latest (e.g., using smartphone application)solutions have limitations. For instance, in extreme accident scenarios, the victims are not able to make contact with the emergency response teams. To automate the process of accident detection and reporting in real-time, this project will develop an efficient emergency response system using fog-assisted VANET. The proposed solution will use VANET communication capabilities to report the emergency to a nearby hospital with the help of an emergency response unit. This would significantly reduce the response time taken in providing the required emergency services. (AU)

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