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Elected women and elected men: political capitals and parliamentary distinction

Grant number: 21/00947-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2021
Effective date (End): February 28, 2023
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Behavior
Principal researcher:Andréa Marcondes de Freitas
Grantee:Simone Boró
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This research aims to investigate the socioeconomic and kinship profiles of parliamentarians elected for the 2015-2018 Legislature from the 26 State Legislative Assemblies and the Federal District Legislative Chamber, with an emphasis on female candidacies, in order to outline the access of singular profiles to these elective offices, observing possible constraints to achieve greater gender parity among the elected. Centrally, it seeks to demonstrate that the types of political capital identified in parliamentarians could be concentrated in four main dimensions: (1) institutional capital - political trajectory formed within political parties or through the exercise of previous elective mandates; (2) family capital - kinship with other politicians; (3) economic capital - high concentration of patrimony; and (4) media capital - link with the media and/or ownership of radio and television concessions. From this configuration, it is implied that the low effectiveness presented by the legal measures that seek to promote the increase of gender parity in the decision-making spaces of national policy - the law of party quotas for female candidates - could be related to the unique profiles capable of succeeding in the electoral competions. The analysis of the data will then make it possible to verify whether the male gender would tend to present the types of political capital in a more plural way, as opposed to the profile of the female gender which would be more dependent on family capital, constraining the objective of increasing gender parity in the sphere representative policy. (AU)

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