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Where passion meets affection: a study about the structural lack and the function of the objet a in love and anguish

Grant number: 21/09680-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2021
Effective date (End): November 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology
Principal researcher:Gustavo Henrique Dionisio
Grantee:Júlio Affonso Branco
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL-ASSIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Assis. Assis , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The present research aims to engender an articulation between love and anguish, derivingfrom Jacques Lancan's (1901-1981) conceptions of the structural lack and the objet petit a.The subject, once founded in the realm of the Other, as a locus for the signifiers and thelanguage itself, finds himself faced with the impossibility of finding something capable ofgiving him an assurance of a naming for himself and generating an effect that is suitable withthe thing which his desire seeks from a cause. This cause is the object cause of desire, l'objetpetit a, responsible for the causation of desire and love. What stands behind in thedesiring/loving movement in the function of cause drives both of the passions into somethingthat is lacking in the realm of the Other, the same lack in which the subject of the desire findshimself subjugated to his own constitution. When something arises where lacking should takeplace, the objet petit a takes on another status, bringing up the affection of anguish whichsingnalizes that the object is no more inscribed into the mesh of the signifier, functioning ascause of desire from the rear, but adrift. The notion of aphanisis seems to point out somethingthat belongs to that turning of love into anguish which is intended to be articulated here.Precisely, when Lacan proposes it as the encounter of the subject with his lack, with hisvanishing, with the fact that in the extreme point of his desire subsists the aphanisis of theown subject, what begets anguish. Therefore, based on the way how the lack inherent in thesubject inscription on the signifier occurs, hence the aphanisis that elapses, and on thefunctions of the objet a, it is intended here to articulate passion with affection, i.e. love withanguish.

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