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Nature based-solutions for resilient landscapes and cities: a case study in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Grant number: 20/01230-3
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2021
Effective date (End): November 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning
Principal researcher:Demóstenes Ferreira da Silva Filho
Grantee:Gustavo Torquatro Oliva
Supervisor abroad: Raffaele Lafortezza
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Research place: Università degli Studi di Bari - Aldo Moro, Italy  
Associated to the scholarship:18/10586-6 - THE ROLE OF THE URBAN FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE, BP.DR

Abstract

The city of São Paulo is one of the most important urban centers in the world. This characteristic makes it the largest urban agglomeration in Latin America and the Caribbean. In addition, the city of São Paulo also has the tenth largest population among urban areas on the planet, becoming the stage for several studies, mainly with regard to climate change.Unplanned urbanization causes serious ecological problems: the growing disproportion between the population and natural and environmental resources and the discomfort and thermal stress of the urban population.The phenomenon of Urban Heat Island (UHI) has great potential as a central theme of urban environmental issues today, in order to produce a wide range of knowledge with a great capacity to contribute to an effective environmental improvement in urban areas, especially in tropical and subtropical areas, which is still little investigated.The need for a highly improved and effective approach that meets the demand for a better understanding of the phenomenon is imperative, in order to allow detailed readings of its possible impacts and the development of adaptation and mitigation, both in relation to the government and to different social strata.In a global context of growing challenges (for example, climate change) and human activities (for example, rapid urbanization), this BEPE modality attempts to establish the theoretical foundations and applications of the NBS (Nature Based Solutions) concept, focusing in the most recent innovative strategies and scientific advances for the construction of landscapes and cities more resilient, making a comparison between the European reality with that of South America.

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