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The transcendental place of the organism: on the concept of organism in Immanuel Kants Critique of Judgment

Grant number: 20/14089-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2021
Effective date (End): January 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - History of Philosophy
Principal researcher:Pedro Paulo Garrido Pimenta
Grantee:Bruno Oberlander Erbella
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The scope of the research project is the Critique of Teleological Judgment, second part of the third critique of Immanuel Kant and the privileged object is the concept of organism as it appears on this text. To find an unitary and coherent interpretation of this object, we make use of the wide range of Kant's commentaries on this theme and also of historiographical studies of Natural History/Biology on Kant's activity period. The chosen path to our investigation begins from a comprehension of the teleological maxim, core of our main text, according to the general topology of the resolution of Kantian antinomies. This guides us to the resolution of two main problems: 1) "how does works the analogical language in which the Kantian concept of organism is discussed and how is it different from the schematism of the Critique of Pure Reason?"; 2) "how the Kantian text enriches, and is enriched by, some concepts of the Natural History of his time?".

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