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Democracy and informal institutions in Brazilian political parties

Grant number: 20/11889-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2021
Status:Discontinued
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Behavior
Principal researcher:Pedro José Floriano Ribeiro
Grantee:Fabiana Cristina dos Santos de Souza
Home Institution: Centro de Educação e Ciências Humanas (CECH). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):22/00135-2 - Democracy and informal institutions in Brazilian political parties, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

This project proposes to comparatively analyze six legends, namely, PT, PSDB, MDB, DEM, PSD and PSOL, with regard to party organization, in order to understand the internal democracy of Brazilian parties from two axes: inclusiveness and formality/informality, in the selection of candidates and party leaders. The research aims to fill two gaps present in studies on party organization in Brazil: the first is to identify in a comparative way, to what extent the statutes reflect the reality of internal party life, that is, to identify the real dynamics of the Brazilian party functioning; and the second gap we seek to remedy is to understand how internal democracy is associated with the degree of informality present in Brazilian party organizations, that is, we will pay attention to the insufficiency of analyzes that focus only on the formal character of party organizations. To this end, the research will observe the path taken by party subtitles after the freedom of organization granted by Party Law 1996 from 1995 to 2020. The question that supports the thesis is: how much internal party democracy is associated with the degree of formality of the subtitles Brazilian supporters? In order to respond, three stages of work will be carried out: the first will be the analysis of party statutes to understand the path taken by the legends in relation to internal party democracy; later, based on the results of the first stage, the research proposes to understand how internal democracy is correlated with a greater or lesser degree of informality, using a binomial logistic regression model to assess the degree to which intra-party democracy is associated formality/informality; and, finally, in the third stage, we propose a typology to classify the analyzed parties in: 1) formal inclusive; 2) informal inclusive; 3) formal hegemonic and 4) informal hegemonic. (AU)

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