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Performance-intensity function: speech perception in Ménière's Disease

Grant number: 20/13045-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2020
Effective date (End): November 30, 2021
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Speech Therapy
Principal researcher:Daniela Gil
Grantee:Patricia Craveiro Fernandes
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This study aims to obtain the performance-intensity function in patients diagnosed with Ménière's disease. In addition, according to the stage of the disease, qualify through the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) questionnaires the self-reported quality of life in the presence of tinnitus and vertigo. Ménière's disease affects the inner ear, which is composed of the cochlea and semicircular canals. Symptoms include severe disabling vertigo, nausea, vomiting, a feeling of fullness in the ear and hearing loss. Hearing loss is characterized as sensorineural, in which speech discrimination and intelligibility are altered, being quantified through the Speech Audiometry. Thus, in this work, the search for the performance-intensity function will be necessary data to understand and relate the different characteristic phases of the disease with speech intelligibility. Hypothesis: Patients with different audiometric configurations have specific speech audiometry curves that assist in determining the stage of the disease.

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