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Multilateralism, regionalism, and democracy: the usages of shaming by the Organization of American States in missions of electoral observation

Grant number: 20/06731-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2020
Effective date (End): March 31, 2025
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - International Politics
Principal Investigator:Janina Onuki
Grantee:Lucas Damasceno Pereira
Host Institution: Instituto de Relações Internacionais (IRI). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):22/01740-7 - Multilateralism, regionalism, and democracy: the use of shaming on OAS' Electoral Observation Missions, BE.EP.DR


This project aims to contribute to the understanding of the relation between multilateralism and democracy through the analysis of the strategies to promote adherence to electoral norms, which is considered to be the main strategy used to promote democratic guarantees in the transnational governance in the Americas. The study contributes to enlight the relation between the three most common tools available to transnational actors: observation, assistance, and enforcement. A new understanding is proposed through the analysis of the observer's dilemma. By integrating a comparative approach (Kernel Ridge Regression) with a with-in case analysis (elite interviews applied to theory-testing process tracing) it aims to observe the causes and mechanisms related to the uses of shaming in the press reports released by the missions of electoral observation. (AU)

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