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Descriptive and functional analysis of the IP3R1 receptor in the pathology of retinitis pigmentosa using C3H/HeJ mice model

Grant number: 20/02035-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2020
Effective date (End): December 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Physiology - Physiology of Organs and Systems
Principal Investigator:Alexandre Hiroaki Kihara
Grantee:Théo Henrique de Lima Vasconcellos
Host Institution: Centro de Matemática, Computação e Cognição (CMCC). Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC). Ministério da Educação (Brasil). Santo André , SP, Brazil


The retina tissue is a photosensitive neuroepithelium present in the inner part of the eye, being an important part of the central nervous system (CNS). In the retina, the light conversion into electrochemical information begins in the photoreceptors cells. Alterations in photoreceptors numbers or in its physiology can lead to several visual diseases. One of those diseases is the retinitis pigmentosa (RP), that can lead to total vision loss. This pathology presents thousands of new cases annually, and there are several well-described genes related to it. During its progression, the RP seems to follow the same initial, intermediate and final stages, leading to rod photoreceptor cell death and further massive loss of cones cells. Although the first insult that leads to primary rod cell death is uncertain, some authors have correlated the secondary cone cell death with excess of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial calcium, leading to the condition of excitotoxicity and oxidative stress. In this context, the type 1 inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate receptor (IP3R1), responsible for intracellular calcium homeostasis, could participate in the progression of this pathology. Therefore, the main aim of this present study is to analyze the distribution of the IP3R1 receptor during the disease progression in autosomal recessive C3H/HeJ RP animal model, and to propose intervention in the pathology through the IP3R1 knockdown in specific time-points. With this approach, it is expected that the decrease of IP3R1 will reduce the cell death progression and prevent visual deficits related to photoreceptor cell death. (AU)

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