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Abrupt changes in the deep Western Tropical Atlantic Ocean during the last two glacial periods

Grant number: 20/06534-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2020
Effective date (End): July 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Geological Oceanography
Principal Investigator:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Grantee:Stefano Crivellari
Host Institution: Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades (EACH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:18/15123-4 - Past perspectives on tipping elements of the climate system: the Amazon Rainforest and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (PPTEAM), AP.PFPMCG.JP2


The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) was recently listed as a tipping element of the climate system. However, large uncertainties are associated to the possibility of a future AMOC shutdown/marked slowdown and to its consequences. Marine sediment cores from the Atlantic Ocean recorded repeated shutdown/marked slowdown events of the AMOC during the last glacial period, holding a wealth of much-needed information not available in the instrumental record. Yet, the paucity of records hampers the detailed characterization of the consequences of such AMOC shutdown/marked slowdown events to the deep ocean. Here we will determine the detailed response of the deep Western tropical Atlantic Ocean to the shutdown/marked slowdown events of the last two glacial periods. Therefore, we will apply the following proxies to a carefully selected depth transect of marine sediment cores from the continental margin of NE South America: (i) stable carbon isotopic composition of epibenthic foraminifera (a proxy for remineralization of organic matter and the source of bottom waters); (ii) neodymium isotopic composition of authigenic phases (a proxy for the source of bottom waters); and (iii) the radiocarbon age difference between coexisting benthic and planktonic foraminifera (a proxy for bottom water age). By doing this, we will provide an in-depth understanding of the responses of the deep Western tropical Atlantic Ocean to abrupt changes in AMOC strength of the two last glacial periods, helping to constrain possible future scenarios for the Atlantic Ocean. (AU)

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SANTOS, THIAGO P.; SHIMIZU, MARILIA H.; NASCIMENTO, RODRIGO A.; VENANCIO, IGOR M.; CAMPOS, MARILIA C.; PORTILHO-RAMOS, RODRIGO C.; BALLALAI, JOAO M.; LESSA, DOUGLAS O.; CRIVELLARI, STEFANO; NAGAI, RENATA H.; et al. A data-model perspective on the Brazilian margin surface warming from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, v. 286, p. 14-pg., . (20/06534-0, 18/06790-7, 18/15123-4, 16/10242-0, 19/24349-9, 19/25179-0)
CRIVELLARI, STEFANO; VIANA, PATRICIA JUNIA; CAMPOS, MARILIA DE CARVALHO; KUHNERT, HENNING; MACHADO LOPES, ALYNE BARROS; CRUZ, JR., FRANCISCO WILLIAM DA; CHIESSI, CRISTIANO MAZUR. Development and characterization of a new in-house reference material for stable carbon and oxygen isotopes analyses. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, v. 36, n. 6, p. 1125-1134, . (16/10242-0, 20/06534-0, 12/17517-3, 18/15123-4)
EVANGELISTA, HEITOR; DE PAULA, RAQUEL L. M.; MAGALHAES, NEWTON; DE GOIS, JEFFERSON S.; LUNA, ADERVAL S.; CAGNIN, RENATA C.; QUARESMA, VALERIA S.; BEZERRA, FLAVIA F.; DIA, JONATHAN P.; V. SANTOS, ROBERTO; et al. Intake of trace contaminants by corals in Abrolhos reef bank (western South Atlantic) during two decades of coastal impacts. CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH, v. 255, p. 14-pg., . (18/15123-4, 20/06534-0)
MARTINS, ALISSON K.; KOCHHANN, KARLOS G. D.; CHIESSI, CRISTIANO M.; BAUERSACHS, THORSTEN; ZARDIN, TAMIRES N.; CAMPOS, MARILIA C.; KRAHL, GUILHERME; DE SOUZA, LAIS V.; CRIVELLARI, STEFANO; BAHR, ANDRE; et al. Links between precipitation patterns over eastern tropical South America and productivity in the western tropical South Atlantic Ocean during the last deglacial. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, v. 667, p. 12-pg., . (20/06534-0, 18/15123-4, 19/24349-9, 16/10242-0, 18/06790-7, 22/09822-2, 19/25179-0)

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