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The third antinomy in the Critique of Pure Reason: the problem of the passage from the cosmological concept to the practical concept of freedom

Grant number: 19/19692-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2020
Effective date (End): July 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy
Principal researcher:Paulo Roberto Licht dos Santos
Grantee:Rafael Tessare Dias
Home Institution: Centro de Educação e Ciências Humanas (CECH). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The concept of freedom is of great importance already in the Critique of Pure Reason with its role in the third antinomy. Despite its importance, this concept is shrouded in a central problem that endangers the very coherence of the Kantian doctrine of freedom within the first Critique. The problem lies in knowing how the cosmological concept and the practical concept of freedom are related to each other both in formulating the antinomic problem and in solving it. Would the practical concept of freedom depend on the cosmological or transcendental concept? At least the Canon of the first Critique seems to suggest that the practical concept is independent of the transcendental concept of freedom. Thus, how is it possible to understand the passage from the cosmological concept of freedom to the practical concept, both within the third antinomy and in the Canon of the first Critique?

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