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African perspectivism and artistic creation: struggle, thought and images in Abdias Nascimento

Grant number: 19/22573-9
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2021
Effective date (End): March 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Arts - Art Fundamentals and Criticism
Principal researcher:Gilberto Alexandre Sobrinho
Grantee:Gilberto Alexandre Sobrinho
Host: Robert Philip Stam
Home Institution: Instituto de Artes (IA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Research place: New York University, United States  

Abstract

Abdias Nascimento is one of Brazil's leading names in pan-Africanism, understood as an international social movement for the defense of black peoples' issues. Pan-Africanism, from its origins to contemporary developments, has played a key role in political, social, economic, educational and artistic projects in the liberation of African peoples and the diaspora. It was during the self-exile in the United States that Abdias Nascimento established continuous intellectual and militant approximation with international pan-Africanists exponents. The interest of this research lies in investigating this route, focusing on the period in which he lived, worked and militated in the United States, also establishing connections with other places. This is a period of establishment of other axes in his work, in which the permanence with the concern to align politics and art is verified, but in differentiated keys, and here we highlight the approach with the radical black movements of Black Power and Black Arts Movement, in the North American context, and the pan-Africanism that had spread to African countries. All these had an impact on their production and, conversely, their presence and performance also influenced these movements. Thus, the study focuses on the analysis of the publication of O quilombismo: documentos de uma militância pan-africanista (1981, 2002 and 2019) in connection with its pictorial production, in which conceptually reflect and expand quilombismo as an aesthetic and political category for the study of symbolic productions approached by the bias of Afroperspectivism. (AU)

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