The Holliday Junction Recognizing Protein (HJURP) is overexpressed in many tumors and also correlated with poor prognosis. HJURP has a well-described activity as the CENP-A chaperone and promotes CENP-A deposition at centromeres. Our group has been studying the participation of HJURP in the DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair of glioma cells. We observed that HJURP is recruited to DNA damage sites, promotes chromatin relaxation and favors restoration of radiation-induced DSBs and the overall activity of the homologous recombination (HR) pathway. Beside this, HJURP promotes an increase in proliferation of glioblastoma cell lines and favors the repair of DNA lesions resulting from replicative stress. We also found a strong correlation of HJURP expression and the proliferative indexes of tumor samples from public database and identified several genes involved in cell cycle control, Fanconi Anemia and homologous recombination pathways, co-expressed with HJURP in astrocytomas. Altogether, this data suggests the participation of HJURP in control of replicative stress, chromosome stability and cancer development. So, in this project we intend to perform experiments of immunoprecipitation, mass spectrometry and bioinformatic analysis to investigate which proteins interact with HJURP in different cellular contexts: i) normal and cancer cells with basal HJURP expression and with exogenous HJURP induction, ii) cells with DNA damage induced by radiation, iii) and cells with damage induced by drugs that mimics replication stress. The generation of these pieces of data will enable us to make a considerable progress in the understanding of new HJURP functions, not yet described.
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