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Trophic structure of crustaceans Aegla (Pleocyemata: Anomura), endemic to the Neotropical Region of South America: an approach using the stable isotope

Grant number: 19/00587-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2019
Effective date (End): April 30, 2021
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology
Principal Investigator:Antonio Leão Castilho
Grantee:Ana Clara Denadai
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IBB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Aeglids are endemic to the Neotropical region of South America, important in nutrient dynamics and energy flow, considered a bioindicador of water quality. Our objectives are describe the interactions of trophic web through nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) levels: 1) Checking whether occurs distinction during the ontogenetic development (adult and juvenile), and 2) whether the environment more affected or not, can change the structure trophic and consequently the life of these animals. The organisms will be collected in streams of the Southeast (Itatinga-SP), and South (Castro, Ponta Grossa, Mauá da Serra, União da Vitória, - PR), in Brazil. Isotopic analyzes ´13C and ´15N will be applied to trace the trophic position of the animals, as well as the type of the ecological interactions, measured from tissues of aeglids and the others animals. Features of freshwater will be analyzed to compare with the regional isotopic signature. Estimation of the trophic level of the individuals will be estimated by stable isotopic mixing models (SIMMs), through packets in R, as SIAR. Results between groups and between regions will be tested through restricted a limnic environments, low temperatures, good oxygenation. They are ANOVA and a posteriori tests. Through this, results will be possible to analyze the feeding behavior during ontogenetic development, the trophic relationships and the incorporation into the environment of products resulting from anthropogenic interference. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRUNA Q. URBANSKI; ANA C. DENADAI; VALTER M. AZEVEDO-SANTOS; MARCOS G. NOGUEIRA. Primeiro registro de ingestão de plástico por um importante peixe comercial nativo (Prochilodus lineatus) na bacia do médio rio Tietê, sudeste do Brasil. Biota Neotropica, v. 20, n. 3, . (19/00177-4, 19/00587-8)
ANA CLARA DENADAI; VLADIMIR ELIODORO COSTA; MILENA REGINA WOLF; GESLAINE RAFAELA LEMOS GONÇALVES; ANTONIO LEÃO CASTILHO. Isotopic signature and the trophic interactions of Aegla castro Schmitt, 1942 (Crustacea: Anomura: Aeglidae). Nauplius, v. 30, . (16/20177-0, 19/00587-8)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
DENADAI, Ana Clara. Trophic structure of crustaceans of the genus Aegla (Pleocyemata: Anomura), endemic from the neotropical region of south america: an approach using the stable isotopes tool. 2021. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Biociências. Botucatu Botucatu.

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