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Evaluation of impact on quality of air caused by the expansion of train and subway lines in the São Paulo metropolitan region

Grant number: 19/14747-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2019
Effective date (End): July 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Transportation Engineering - Transportation Planning
Principal researcher:Simone Georges El Khouri Miraglia
Grantee:José Victor Monis Samelo
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Ambientais, Químicas e Farmacêuticas (ICAQF). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Diadema. Diadema , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The air pollution emission on atmosphere is directly connected with several factors on the present world, one of them is the urban mobility. In large urban centers, vehicles are described as the main responsible for pollutants' emissions. On the other hand, rail transportation does not emit pollutants directly, thus they are less polluter than vehicles. In São Paulo Metropolitan Region, it is possible to analyze the relation of the advance of the rail transportation with air quality and identify the impacts. Therefore, the objectives of this research are to identify the environmental, social, economic and health impacts associated to the expansion of the rail transportation expansion in São Paulo Metropolitan Region and investigate how this network expansion influence air quality. In order to analyze the association with air quality we will collect data provided from CETESB through the software QGIS so that to obtain a better comprehension of the benefits of the rail transportation expansion in the environment and health field, resulting in incentives for the network expansion.

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