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Evaluation of BCG expressing adjuvant LTAK63 in a humanized mouse model as a therapeutic vaccine for Tuberculosis

Grant number: 19/06454-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2019
Effective date (End): June 30, 2023
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Immunology - Applied Immunology
Principal researcher:Luciana Cezar de Cerqueira Leite
Grantee:Monalisa Martins Trentini
Home Institution: Instituto Butantan. Secretaria da Saúde (São Paulo - Estado). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:17/24832-6 - Development of vaccines based on recombinant BCG: Tuberculosis, Pertussis, Pneumococcus and Schistosoma, AP.TEM

Abstract

One third of the human population is believed to be infected with Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of Tuberculosis (TB). Despite enormous efforts, TB remains a major global health problem because of the millions of deaths associated with TB. Thus, several strategies are in development aiming at better diagnosis, as well as improved treatment and prevention for TB. The use of vaccines in the treatment of diseases aims at complementing the chemotherapy, reducing the time of antibiotic use. Due to the strong induction of inflammatory cells, BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerin) has been widely used in the immunotherapy of some diseases, such as Bladder Cancer. BCG has also been considered effective for the treatment of Asthma, due to the high induction of IFN-³ and IL-2. However, recombinant BCG vaccines have not yet been investigated for the treatment of TB. In this sense, our research group has developed a recombinant BCG vaccine that expresses the adjuvant LTAK63 (rBCG-LTAK63) that was able to induce high Th1 and Th17 responses, in addition to high levels of TGF-² after challenge, culminating in elevated protection of mice challenged with Mtb. Therefore, this work aims to investigate rBCG-LTAK63 for the treatment of TB. The induction of immune responses will be characterized in the lungs of mice in models of active or reactivated latent TB infection, and the effectiveness in reducing infection will be investigated. In addition, both the immune response and the efficacy of the treatment using the rBCG-LTAK63 vaccine will be evaluated in a humanized mice model, mimicking the progression of infection and treatment that could occur in humans. (AU)

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