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Advancing medical prognosis based on graph concepts and artificial neural networks

Grant number: 19/04461-9
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2019
Effective date (End): October 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Computer Science - Computing Methodologies and Techniques
Principal researcher:José Fernando Rodrigues Júnior
Grantee:Gabriel Spadon de Souza
Supervisor abroad: Jimeng Sun
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação (ICMC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Research place: Georgia Institute of Technology, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:17/08376-0 - Analysis and improvement of urban systems using digital maps in the form of complex networks, BP.DR

Abstract

Deep learning (DL) has proven to succeed in a wide range of domains, ranging from acoustics and images to natural language processing. However, applying deep learning to graph-like data is a non-trivial task because of the unique properties of graphs. Recently, a significant amount of research efforts have been devoted to this area, notably improving graph analyzing techniques. Employing these novel techniques in the medical domain is still unprecedented, but with great potential for contributions when analyzing Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) using both graphs and artificial neural networks. In this context, this project aims to provide for the computational phenotyping by relating the entities found in EMRs, narrowing causes, symptoms, procedures, and treatments of one or many diseases more accurately than previous methods and also with more reliability, conciseness, and self-interpretability though semi-supervised hierarchical clustering on Graph Neural Networks (GNNs). The activities related to such a task include dealing with the various issues related to the application of deep learning to the specific context of clinical data using graphs. These issues include pre-processing demands to produce large and cleaned datasets of clinical data; modeling complex information through graphs; fine-tuning DL architectures concerning the specific problems of prognostic care; iterative training-testing rounds to achieve highly accurate methods; and, clinical validation of the results. The intend results, however, are of broad interest to the national and international scientific community. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRANDOLI, BRUNO; DE GEUS, ANDRE R.; SOUZA, JEFFERSON R.; SPADON, GABRIEL; SOARES, AMILCAR; RODRIGUES, JR., JOSE F.; KOMOROWSKI, JERZY; MATWIN, STAN. Aircraft Fuselage Corrosion Detection Using Artificial Intelligence. SENSORS, v. 21, n. 12 JUN 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
BRANDOLI, BRUNO; SPADON, GABRIEL; ESAU, TRAVIS; HENNESSY, PATRICK; CARVALHO, ANDRE C. P. L.; AMER-YAHIA, SIHEM; RODRIGUES, JR., JOSE F. DropLeaf: A precision farming smartphone tool for real-time quantification of pesticide application coverage. COMPUTERS AND ELECTRONICS IN AGRICULTURE, v. 180, JAN 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SPADON, GABRIEL; DE CARVALHO, ANDRE C. P. L. F.; RODRIGUES-JR, JOSE F.; ALVES, LUIZ G. A. Reconstructing commuters network using machine learning and urban indicators. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 9, AUG 13 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.