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Chemical modification of Brazilian vegetable oils from macaw and baru nuts to find new monomers and polymers using maleinization, epoxidation, and carbonation syntheses

Grant number: 19/11493-4
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): January 15, 2020
Effective date (End): May 16, 2020
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Materials and Metallurgical Engineering - Nonmetallic Materials
Principal researcher:Gilbert Bannach
Grantee:Rafael Turra Alarcon
Supervisor abroad: Michael North
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências (FC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Bauru. Bauru , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of York, England  
Associated to the scholarship:18/03460-6 - Structural modification of triglycerides aiming new monomers and polymers, using different synthetic routes: microwave irradiation and photopolymerization, BP.DR


This project aims to synthesize and characterize new monomers and polymers using Brazilian vegetable oil from macaw and baru nuts. These vegetable oils will be chemically modified by maleinization, epoxidation, and carbonation reactions. The emphasis is to provide value for bio-commodities, by modifying them into new materials, always following the Green Chemistry Principles. The work consists of three parts. The first is the reaction of vegetable oil and maleic anhydride (maleinization reaction). The second part is the epoxidation of the vegetable oil and then carbonation reaction using CO2. Finally, these modified vegetable oils will be reacted to form new polymers.Simultaneous Thermogravimetric/Derivative Thermogravimetry-Differential Thermal Analysis (TG/DTG-DTA), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy (MIR), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H-NMR) will be used to characterize all the monomers and polymers.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ALARCON, RAFAEL T.; LAMB, KATIE J.; BANNACH, GILBERT; NORTH, MICHAEL. Opportunities for the Use of Brazilian Biomass to Produce Renewable Chemicals and Materials. CHEMSUSCHEM, v. 14, n. 1, p. 169-188, . (18/03460-6, 17/08820-8, 19/11493-4)
ALARCON, RAFAEL T.; GAGLIERI, CAROLINE; LAMB, KATIE J.; NORTH, MICHAEL; BANNACH, GILBERT. Spectroscopic characterization and thermal behavior of baru nut and macaw palm vegetable oils and their epoxidized derivatives. INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS, v. 154, . (17/08820-8, 19/11493-4)

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