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Spaces of life in dispute: the case of the retomadas indigenas Guarani and Kaiowá in Dourados (MS)

Grant number: 18/11287-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2019
Effective date (End): October 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Anthropology - Rural Anthropology
Principal researcher:Nashieli Cecilia Rangel Loera
Grantee:Elis Fernanda Corrado
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The Mato Grosso do Sul state concentrates the third largest indigenous population of the country. Much of this population lives in the South of the state in small indigenous lands, known by the indigenous and the local population as reservas. However, since 1980 Guarani and Kaiowá families started to claim the right to live in the territories from which they were expelled and began to organize their struggle by means of retomadas of their lands,recognized as traditional occupation (tekoha), with the purpose of claiming new demarcations by the Brazilian State. As part of these actions they set up camps located along roadsides. The objective of this project is to understand, based on the ethnography of three áreas de retomadas of Guarani and Kaiowá, located in the municipality of Dourados/MS, the meanings of 'land' mobilized by these people and how this notion is faced with notions of State land, agribusiness and real estate sectors that also compete for the appropriation of these traditional territories. This study continues the research carried out during the masters program, now with the objective of broadening the discussion and expanding categories such as land and territoriality, as well as to analyze the relationship of urban growth and real estate speculation on indigenous claim areas. (AU)

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