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The king's men's Spain: the depiction of Spain by the king's men during the reign of James Stuart I (1603-1625)

Grant number: 19/01297-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2019
Effective date (End): March 24, 2020
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Modern and Contemporary History
Principal Investigator:Iris Kantor
Grantee:Ricardo Cardoso
Supervisor: Martin Wiggins
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Birmingham, England  
Associated to the scholarship:17/07455-4 - A Game at Chess: diplomatic relationship between England and Spain in the works of Shakespeare and his contemporaries during the Jacobean period (1603-1625)., BP.DR

Abstract

Using a selection of dramatic texts written for The King's Men company, - for which William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was the main playwright - this research intends to examine the depiction of the Anglo-Spanish War (1585-1604) and diplomatic relations between England and Spain during the reign of James Stuart I (1603-1625). The war precipitated an anti-Hispanic sentiment in several sectors of English society. The peace established in 1604 did not end that animosity. During the first decades of the seventeenth century, the hostility increased towards a new war between the two monarchies (1625-1630). Drawing on the conclusions of historians, such as Christopher Hill and Lawrence Stone, that James Stuart's pro-Spanish diplomacy faced resistance among the common people, I am going to evaluate the activities of this theatrical company that had, on one hand, the king himself as patron and, on the other, the attention of the popular audience. Under the supervision of The Shakespeare Institute's senior professor, Martin Wiggins, and through a critical analysis of texts related to the political-diplomatic context, I will evaluate how the The King's Men plays - primarily those written by their main playwrights, such as Shakespeare, John Fletcher (1579-1625), Thomas Middleton (1580-1627), and Philip Massinger (1583-1640) - evoked the seminal conflict and new events that involved the two monarchies.

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