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Mandibular characterization of individuals with isolated Robin sequence and Treacher Collins syndrome: three-dimensional evaluation

Grant number: 18/00061-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2018
Effective date (End): February 29, 2020
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Orthodontics
Acordo de Cooperação: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Daniela Gamba Garib Carreira
Grantee:Renata Mayumi Kato
Host Institution: Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais (HRAC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Bauru , SP, Brazil

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The Robin sequence (RS) is a congenital anomaly, characterized by micrognathia and glossoptosis, and can or cannot be associated with cleft palate. The incidence in the general population varies between 1: 2000 and 1: 30.000, and can manifest itself in isolation or associated with other syndromes. The phenotypic refinement of this sequence compared to Treacher Collins syndrome is important to aid in the differential diagnosis between the two craniofacial anomalies. Objectives: The purpose of this work will be to characterize the mandibular structures of individuals with isolated Robin Sequence and to compare them with individuals with Treacher Collins mandibulofacial dysostosis (TCMD). Methods: The study sample will consist of two study groups: RS group, composed of 30 individuals with isolated Robin Sequence from 7 to 20 years of age and TC group, composed of 30 patients with Treacher Collins from 7 to 20 years. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) from the HRAC-USP file will be used for both groups. CBCT from the RS group will be complemented throughout the study period in patients who will undergo orthodontic-surgical treatment or otorhinolaryngological interventions that benefit from the three-dimensional examination. The exams will be analyzed in three different ways: 1. Three-dimensional cephalometric analysis after segmentation of the images; 2. Morphological analysis of three-dimensional segmented images; 3. Analysis of the mandibular symmetry. The software used will be Dolphin (Dolphin Imaging 11.0 & Management Solutions, California, USA) and Mimics Innovation Suite (Materialize, Leuven, Belgium). Data analysis: The data collected will be transferred to the SPSS software (version 16.0, SPSS, Chicago, I11). The Shapiro-Wilk test will be used to verify the normal distribution of the data. The intergroup and the mandibular symmetry comparison will be performed by independent t test and paired t test, respectively. The level of significance considered will be 5%.Key words: Pierre Robin Syndrome. Mandibulofacial dysostosis. Cone-beam computed tomography.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
KATO, RENATA MAYUMI; MOURA, PRISCILA PADILHA; ZECHI-CEIDE, ROSELI MARIA; TONELLO, CRISTIANO; PEIXOTO, ADRIANO PORTO; GARIB, DANIELA. Comparison Between Treacher Collins Syndrome and Pierre Robin Sequence: A Cephalometric Study. CLEFT PALATE-CRANIOFACIAL JOURNAL, v. 58, n. 1, p. 78-83, . (18/00061-3)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
KATO, Renata Mayumi. Comparison of Treacher Collins Syndrome and Pierre Robin Sequence: a CBCT study. 2020. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB) Bauru.

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