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Ideology, bureaucracy and foreign policy: the Itamaraty and the Armed Forces during the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964-1985)

Grant number: 17/18513-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2018
Effective date (End): March 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of Brazil
Principal researcher:Felipe Pereira Loureiro
Grantee:Alessandra Beber Castilho
Home Institution: Instituto de Relações Internacionais (IRI). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):19/15281-1 - Authoritarian Diplomacy: the participation of Brazil's Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the authoritarian project of the Military Regime (1964 - 1985), BE.EP.DR

Abstract

This project intends to analyze the relationship between the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Armed Forces during the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964-1985). It is based on the premise, to be verified empirically, that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Itamaraty) maintained relative autonomy during the period of the military dictatorship in comparison to other civilian ministries. Although there is a consensus in the literature regarding this aspect, few studies seek to explain the reasons for this autonomy. This project has as hypothesis the idea that both the Itamaraty and the Armed Forces would have similar systems of formation of cadres and institutionalization of a spirit de corps, making both institutions to see themselves as the legitimate formators of members of the Brazilian state elite. Such a model of socialization would have allowed, if not an ideological approach of its members, a low military interference within the Itamaraty in comparison to other ministries, in addition to the active participation of Brazilian diplomacy within the information community of the military dictatorship. Through the crossing of a vast set of primary sources, including official and confidential official documents, both from the Itamaraty and the Armed Forces, as well as public documents of the US government, interviews with relevant actors and consultation with commercial newspapers, This project intends to contribute to fill an important gap in the literature on civil-military relations of the period 1964-1985, which may shed light on crucial aspects of the formulation and implementation of Brazilian foreign policy during the dictatorship. (AU)

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