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Morphological studies in Arawak languages: a typological approach

Grant number: 18/18072-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2019
Effective date (End): December 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature - Indigenous Languages
Principal researcher:Angel Humberto Corbera Mori
Grantee:Camille Cardoso Miranda
Home Institution: Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem (IEL). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This project aims to carry out a study of the morphological properties of Arawak languages. It is a comparative-typological study because it utilizes translinguistic methods to verify, among the languages analyzed, typological profiles that are general, that is, those that are present in all languages, or the most specific ones. The goals are: 1) to discuss nominal and verbal morphology; 2) to describe the different morphological processes that structure the formation of words: affixation, composition, derivation and lexical reduplication; 3) to verify the prefix and suffix which designates grammatical properties to establish generalizations and specifications; 4) to analyze and describing nominal classifiers, affixes that marks inalienable and alienable possession on the names, nominal incorporation and 5) to make the relation between the morphology and the syntax, examining mainly the open and closed classes and the orders of constituents of simple sentences. The research is based mainly on the theoretical assumptions of the linguistic typology of Greenberg (1963, 1974), Comrie (1989), Whaley (1997), T. Payne (1997), Croft (2002) Booj (2007) and Shibatani (2015). In relation to the typological studies of the Arawak languages, the works of Derbyshire & Pullum (1986) and Aikhenvald (1994, 1999, 2012) are essentials. Furthermore, others studies already done about these languages will be used. The purpose of this study is to offer subsidies for future descriptive, comparative and typological researchers of the languages that are part of the Arawak family and contribute with the typology studies in Brazilian indigenous languages. (AU)

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