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Conflicts and power relations: the water-energy-food nexus in the production of ethanol in the State of São Paulo

Grant number: 17/17796-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2018
Effective date (End): September 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Principal Investigator:Leandro Luiz Giatti
Grantee:Lira Luz Benites Lazaro
Host Institution: Faculdade de Saúde Pública (FSP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/50132-6 - Resilience and vulnerability at the urban nexus of food, water, energy and the environment (ResNexus), AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):19/24479-0 - Water-energy- food nexus of biofuels: analyzing policy impacts, BE.EP.PD


In the context of global environmental change, the water-energy-food nexus approach has been gaining significant importance in international natural resource policy debates and integrative governance. However, the challenge of achieving policy coherence, decentralized and integrated decision-making is particularly complex in the context of the nexus, which considers three sectors with different institutional structures operating at different scales and actors, notably, in this research, the production of energy (ethanol) and its interfaces with water security and food security. Thus, supposing that there are groups of power that impose their political and economic interests, the decision-making processes around each of the sectors are eminently political in nature and take place in arenas of unequal power relations, which hinders integrative governance. This project drawing on perspectives from political ecology aims to study the conflicts and power relations of the water-energy-food nexus related to biofuels. It is proposed to identify the different dominant discourses, postures and narratives constructed and deconstructed in the three sectors of the nexus, and to evaluate the respective importance for sustainability, the integrative governance in a nexus approach. We will be used the mixed methods approaches (qualitative - quantitative) with the help of software specialized in documentary and textual research in data mining and statistics used in applied social sciences (machine learning algorithms). (AU)

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Scientific publications (16)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FONSECA, ELIZE MASSARD DA; NATTRASS, NICOLI; LAZARO, LIRA LUZ BENITES; BASTOS, FRANCISCO INACIO. Political discourse, denialism and leadership failure in Brazil's response to COVID-19. GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH, . (17/17796-3, 15/03804-9)
FONSECA, ELIZE MASSARD DA; NATTRASS, NICOLI; LAZARO, LIRA LUZ BENITES; BASTOS, FRANCISCO INACIO. Political discourse, denialism and leadership failure in Brazil's response to COVID-19. GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH, v. 16, n. 8-9, SI, p. 1251-1266, . (15/03804-9, 17/17796-3)
LAZARO, L. L. B.; SOARES, R. S.; BERMANN, C.; COLLACO, F. M. A.; GIATTI, L. L.; ABRAM, S.. Energy transition in Brazil: Is there a role for multilevel governance in a centralized energy regime?. ENERGY RESEARCH & SOCIAL SCIENCE, v. 85, . (15/03804-9, 17/17796-3)
BENITES-LAZARO, L. L.; GIATTI, L. L.; SOUSA JUNIOR, W. C.; GIAROLLA, A.. Land-water-food nexus of biofuels: Discourse and policy debates in Brazil. ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT, v. 33, . (15/03804-9, 17/17796-3)
BENITES LAZARO, LIRA LUZ; GIATTI, LEANDRO LUIZ; BERMANN, CELIO; GIAROLLA, ANGELICA; OMETTO, JEAN. Policy and governance dynamics in the water-energy-food-land nexus of biofuels: Proposing a qualitative analysis model. RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, v. 149, . (19/24479-0, 17/22269-2, 17/17796-3, 15/03804-9)
LAMPIS, ANDREA; IBANEZ MARTIN, MARIA MARIA; FLORENCIA ZABALOY, MARIA; SCHIRMER SOARES, RAIANA; GUZOWSKI, CARINA; MANDAI, SILVIA SAYURI; BENITES LAZARO, LIRA LUZ; HERMSDORFF, SONIA MARIA G. L.; BERMANN, CELIO. Energy transition or energy diversification? Critical thoughts from Argentina and Brazil. ENERGY POLICY, v. 171, p. 10-pg., . (17/17796-3, 20/07372-4, 18/17626-3, 19/24479-0)
OTTONELLI, JANAINA; LAZARO, LIRA LUZ BENITES; ANDRADE, JOSE CELIO SILVEIRA; ABRAM, SIMONE. Do solar photovoltaic clean development mechanism projects contribute to sustainable development in Latin America? Prospects for the Paris Agreement. ENERGY POLICY, v. 174, p. 11-pg., . (17/17796-3, 15/03804-9)
WERNER, DEBORAH; LAZARO, LIRA LUZ BENITES. The policy dimension of energy transition: The Brazilian case in promoting renewable energies (2000-2022). ENERGY POLICY, v. 175, p. 10-pg., . (17/17796-3)
FLÁVIA MENDES DE ALMEIDA COLLAÇO; RAIANA SCHIRMER SOARES; JOÃO MARCOS MOTT PAVANELLI; LIRA LUZ BENITES-LAZARO; GUILHERME MASSIGNAN BEREJUK; ANDREA LAMPIS; CÉLIO BERMANN. Identificação do Sistema Energético da Macrometrópole Paulista: primeiro passo para atuação local em Mudanças Climáticas. Ambiente & Sociedade, v. 23, . (18/17626-3, 15/03804-9, 17/17796-3, 19/24479-0)
AMARAL, MATEUS HENRIQUE; BENITES-LAZARO, LIRA LUZ; SINISGALLI, PAULO ANTONIO DE ALMEIDA; ALVES, HUMBERTO PRATES DA FONSECA; GIATTI, LEANDRO LUIZ. Environmental injustices on green and blue infrastructure: Urban nexus in a macrometropolitan territory. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, v. 289, . (15/03804-9, 19/24479-0, 17/17796-3)
URBINATTI, ALBERTO MATENHAUER; BENITES-LAZARO, LIRA LUZ; DE CARVALHO, CAROLINA MONTEIRO; GIATTI, LEANDRO LUIZ. The conceptual basis of water-energy-food nexus governance: systematic literature review using network and discourse analysis. JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, v. 17, n. 2, SI, p. 21-43, . (16/25375-5, 15/50132-6, 17/17796-3)
DE ANDRADE SILVA, ANGELA MARCIA; BENITES LAZARO, LIRA LUZ; SILVEIRA ANDRADE, JOSE CELIO; RODRIGUES PRADO, ANGELICA FABIOLA; VENTURA, ANDREA CARDOSO; CAMPELO, ADRIANA; TRIDELLO, VALENTINA. Examining the Urban Resilience Strategy of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil: A Comparative Assessment of Predominant Sectors Within the Resilient Cities Network. JOURNAL OF URBAN PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, v. 148, n. 2, p. 11-pg., . (17/17796-3, 15/03804-9)
LAZARO, LIRA LUZ BENITES; GIATTI, LEANDRO LUIZ; DE OLIVEIRA, JOSE ANTONIO PUPPIM. Water-energy-food nexus approach at the core of businesses-How businesses in the bioenergy sector in Brazil are responding to integrated challenges?. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, v. 303, . (17/50425-9, 15/03804-9, 17/17796-3)
LIRA LUZ BENITES LAZARO; LAIS FORTI THOMAZ. A Participação de stakeholders na formulação da política brasileira de biocombustíveis (RenovaBio). Ambiente & Sociedade, v. 24, . (15/03804-9, 17/17796-3, 19/24479-0)
LAZARO, L. L. B.; ABRAM, S.; GIATTI, L. L.; SINISGALLI, P.; JACOBI, P. R.. Assessing water scarcity narratives in Brazil-Challenges for urban governance. ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT, v. 47, p. 18-pg., . (17/17796-3, 15/03804-9, 21/07399-2)

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