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Epigenetic mechanisms in the regulation of gene expression: the case of odorant receptors

Grant number: 18/11860-4
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2018
Effective date (End): January 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biochemistry - Molecular Biology
Principal Investigator:Bettina Malnic
Grantee:Thiago Seike Picoreti Nakahara
Host Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/24471-0 - Odorant receptors: mechanisms of gene expression and signal transduction, AP.TEM

Abstract

There are ~1000 Odorant Receptor (OR) genes in the mouse genome. Each olfactory sensory neuron expresses one allele from one single OR gene. The molecular mechanisms underlying OR gene expression is not understood. Our previous results have shown that olfactory neurons have a characteristic nuclear organization which differs from other cell types. Odorant receptor genes that are located on different chromosomes are frequently associated to large common constitutive heterochromatin block which are located in a central region of the nucleus. Interestingly, facultative heterochromatin is predominantly localized around the large constitutive heterochromatin blocks. In this project we aim to study the role played by facultative heterochromatin in gene expression in the olfactory sensory neurons. We also plan to determine whether non-coding RNAs play a role in this regulation. Transgenic P2-IRES-tauGFP mice, which express GFP in the olfactory sensory neurons that express the P2 OR gene, will be used in these experiments, together with in situ hybridization, RNA seq and bioinformatic techniques. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CAMARGO, ANTONIO P.; NAKAHARA, THIAGO S.; FIRMINO, LUIZ E. R.; NETTO, PAULO H. M.; DO NASCIMENTO, JOAO B. P.; DONNARD, ELISA R.; GALANTE, PEDRO A. F.; CARAZZOLLE, MARCELO F.; MALNIC, BETTINA; PAPES, FABIO. Uncovering the mouse olfactory long non-coding transcriptome with a novel machine-learning model. DNA Research, v. 26, n. 4, p. 365-378, . (11/22611-6, 16/24471-0, 18/11860-4, 16/05379-6, 13/08293-7, 15/50371-0)
LEME SILVA, ARTUR GUAZZELLI; NAGAI, MAIRA HARUME; NAKAHARA, THIAGO SEIKE; MALNIC, BETTINA. Genetic Background Effects on the Expression of an Odorant Receptor Gene. FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR NEUROSCIENCE, v. 15, . (12/15882-6, 18/11860-4, 16/24471-0)
NAKAHARA, THIAGO; CAMARGO, ANTONIO; FIRMINO, LUIZ; NETTO, PAULO; DO NASCIMENTO, JOAO; DONNARD, ELISA; GALANTE, PEDRO; CARAZZOLLE, MARCELO; MALNIC, BETTINA; PAPES, FABIO. Uncovering long non-coding RNAs in the olfactory sensory organs. CHEMICAL SENSES, v. 45, n. 2, p. 2-pg., . (16/24471-0, 15/50371-0, 18/11860-4, 11/22611-6, 16/05379-6)

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