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Research Project for the Research Internship Abroad (BEPE) at University of Oxford, complementary to the main research project 'Criaturas prodigiosas (terata e thaumata/thomata) em fontes textuais do século V a.C.'

Grant number: 18/05195-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2018
Effective date (End): September 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature - Classical Literatures
Principal Investigator:Christian Werner
Grantee:Camila Aline Zanon
Supervisor: Adrian Kelly
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Oxford, England  
Associated to the scholarship:16/26069-5 - 'Prodigious Creatures' (Terata e Thaumata/Thomata) in literary sources from the 5th century BC, BP.PD


Gods, heroes, and monsters are three categories commonly used to classify beings presented in what is conventionally called 'Greek mythology,' a complex system that integrates narratives, religious beliefs, and social practices. However, 'monster' is not a valid category to classify those creatures which appear in the mythopoetic discourse of Homer and Hesiod: first, because 'monster' is not a taxonomic category in archaic hexametric poetry; Second, because such creatures are linked, on the one hand, to the scope of the extraordinary, which is, in turn, intrinsically linked to the divine realm, and, on the other, because the terminology used in this poetry refers to an oracular system of divination, all absent characteristics from the modern notion of monster. In view of this, it is sought to investigate whether or not there is a change in the attitude towards what we modernly refer to as monstrous in narratives later than those of Homer and Hesiod, more precisely those dating from the Classical Period (5th century BC), focusing on Herodotus's Histories, a work in which the author describes some fantastic people and creatures, and on the tragedies that made use of mythological narratives.

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