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NITROGEN FERTILIZATION ANTECIPATION IN FORAGE AND 15N RECOVERY BY UPLAND RICE.

Grant number: 17/10226-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2018
Effective date (End): November 30, 2020
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Crop Science
Principal researcher:Carlos Alexandre Costa Crusciol
Grantee:Isabô Melina Pascoaloto
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas (FCA). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/50305-8 - A virtual joint centre to deliver enhanced nitrogen use efficiency via an integrated soil-plant systems approach for the UK & Brazil, AP.TEM

Abstract

Rice is one of the main cereals consumed in the world, and in this scenario upland cultivation has been highlighted by low demand of water resources for its production. Because they are less productive cultivars, cost reduction is necessary for producers to remain competitive in the market. For that, the trend has been to optimize the operations in the property, being nitrogen fertilization anticipation a possibility in cover plants or in pre-planting straw. Therefore, this work will evaluate technical and economical feasibility of earlier nitrogen fertilizer application, (15NH4)2SO4, for upland rice in succession to forage grasses under no-tillage for two consecutive years, 2017/2018 and 2018/2019. The experimental design was a randomized block design, with four replications, and treatments arranged in a 4 x 2 factorial scheme, with four treatments of nitrogen fertilization (without addition of nitrogen (0 kg ha-1) (T), with conventional nitrogen fertilization (C), with earlier nitrogen fertilization in the forage 10 to 5 days before desiccation (A1) and with earlier nitrogen fertilization in the forage' straw 5 to 1 day before rice sowing (A2) and two forages (areas previously occupied by Urochloa brizantha cv. Marandu or Urochloa ruziziensis). It will be applied in the treatments, except for the control (T), 30 kg N ha-1 at sowing and 90 kg N ha-1 in cover. The project will evaluate 1) productive performance and biometric characteristics of upland rice, 2) forage straw production, persistence and nutrient release of U. brizantha and U. ruziziensis, 3) 15N persistence and distribution in the soil-forage-rice system, 4) chemical and physical changes in the soil attributes at the end of each productive cycle, and 5) economic performance of earlier N application in upland rice during the study, in order to verify the profitability of earlier fertilization in relation to conventional application in coverage.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PASCOALOTO, ISABO MELINA; COSTA CRUSCIOL, CARLOS ALEXANDRE; COSTA DO NASCIMENTO, CARLOS ANTONIO; FERREIRA, CARLOS MAGRI; SOLER DA SILVA, MELLISSA ANANIAS; MORETTI DE SOUZA, LUIZ GUSTAVO; TSUTSUI ESPERANCINI, MAURA SEIKO. Épocas de aplicação de nitrogênio e plantas de cobertura na viabilidade econômica do arroz de terras altas. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, v. 56, . (15/50305-8, 17/10226-7)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
PASCOALOTO, Isabô Melina. Nitrogen anticipation in tropical grasses and 15N recovery by upland rice. 2020. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas. Botucatu Botucatu.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.