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UNESCO and cultural policies in Brazil: social thought, development and colonialism (1966-1988)

Grant number: 17/23638-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2018
Effective date (End): May 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Anthropology - Urban Anthropology
Principal Investigator:Lilia Katri Moritz Schwarcz
Grantee:Caio Gonçalves Dias
Supervisor: Cristiana Lage David Bastos
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal  
Associated to the scholarship:14/13635-7 - About the culture that can be planned: the UNESCO, cultural policies and Brazilian social thought, BP.PD


This research proposal aims to deepen the interpretative aspects regarding the use of an idea of culture anthropologically inspired on Unesco's work on cultural policies between 1966 and 1988. For this, it will be necessary to analyze more systematically what were the conditions of possibility for this heuristic category to be transferred to a scenario of action planning. Initially, the previous projects connecting Anthropology and public administration will be examined - thus affirming that Unesco's actions have state features. On the other hand, it is necessary to take into account that in the context of the creation of Unesco, as well as in the one that concerns this work more directly, there is a geopolitical dimension that impacts the organization: the colonial management and its unfolding in the twentieth century. Here we would like to study a possible ideological continuity between the colonial works of the eighteenth century - where the idea of culture is built in the forms on which Anthropology became a discipline in the nineteenth century - and those that occurred in the twentieth century. We intend to show, therefore, that the Enlightenment justification for colonialism remains valid in the twentieth century, but there is a slide of progress as a model - based on the idea of civilization - to that of development - anchored now in a notion of culture. Based on the interests described above, an analytical proposal will be created that seeks out broader streams os cultural traditions that are able to explain and at the same time put into perspective a specific social process: the relationship between Brazil and Unesco in the implementation of a certain model of cultural policy - taking the colonial question as a comparative parameter, either as an aspect of Brazilian social thought, or as a question with geopolitical implications for multilateral public management throughout the twentieth century. (AU)

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