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Influence of seminal plasma during cooling of boar spermatozoa on dna integrity, sperm subpopulations and calcium influx under in vitro capacitation.

Grant number: 17/20419-7
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): November 30, 2017
Effective date (End): March 29, 2018
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine - Animal Reproduction
Principal Investigator:André Furugen Cesar de Andrade
Grantee:Ana Paula Pinoti Pavaneli
Supervisor: Marc Yeste Oliveras
Host Institution: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Universitat de Girona, Spain  
Associated to the scholarship:16/02186-2 - Influence of seminal plasma from rich fraction of boar ejaculated on capacitation and hyperactivation of the swine sperm stored at 17ºC for 72 hours, BP.MS


Artificial insemination (AI) allows for rapid genetic improvement, being widely used throughout the world in pig farms. Higher reproductive rates achieved with the use of cooled semen in relation to cryopreserved semen make this the most used form of storage in the majority of AIs performed. However, capacitation-like changes, DNA damage and changes on motility patterns are consequences commonly reported as a result of the handling and storage of spermatozoa. The effect of seminal plasma on these changes have been the goal of several studies, in which, however, a duality action was verified. The current study was designed to evaluate the effect of seminal plasma during cooling upon DNA integrity, sperm motile subpopulations and intracellular calcium movements under in vitro capacitating conditions. DNA integrity will be assessed by Sperm Chromatin Dispersion Assay (SCSA). The evaluation of changes on motility parameters and proportions of each sperm subpopulation will be assessed by CASA analysis, based on previous determinations in the raw ejaculate. Furthermore, intracellular calcium levels in the head and the tail will be analysed using two calcium markers with different physic-chemical properties, Fluo-3 and Rhod-5N. All these tests will shed new light into the role of seminal plasma during sperm capacitation.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PINOTI PAVANELI, ANA PAULA; RECUERO, SANDRA; RESENDE CHAVES, BRUNA; GARCIA-BONAVILA, ESTELA; LLAVANERA, MARC; PINART, ELISABETH; ETBON, SERGI; CESAR DE ANDRADE, ANDRE FURUGEN; YESTE, MARC. The Presence of Seminal Plasma during Liquid Storage of Pig Spermatozoa at 17 degrees C Modulates Their Ability to Elicit In Vitro Capacitation and Trigger Acrosomal Exocytosis. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, v. 21, n. 12, . (16/02186-2, 17/20419-7, 15/14258-5)

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