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Turbo yeast: fast glycolytic rates displayed by sucrose-grown Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Grant number: 17/18206-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2018
Effective date (End): December 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Chemical Engineering - Chemical Process Industries
Principal Investigator:Andreas Karoly Gombert
Grantee:Carla Ines Soares Rodrigues
Supervisor: Sebastian Aljoscha Wahl
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos (FEA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Research place: Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands  
Associated to the scholarship:16/07285-9 - Why does not Saccharomyces cerevisiae grow faster on glucose than on sucrose?, BP.DR


Yeast glycolysis is the central pathway to relevant biobased building blocks. Its regulation has been subject to decades of research - nevertheless engineering strategies to increase the glycolytic flux have failed. Interestingly, the glycolytic rate of native and industrial strains is higher on sucrose compared to glucose. In spite of these findings, sucrose metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has not been studied in detail and fundamental questions remain open, such as why S. cerevisiae actually can grow faster on sucrose compared to glucose? Sucrose metabolism in S. cerevisiae is driven by the enzyme invertase, which catalyses the hydrolysis of sucrose, allowing for the release of the monomers glucose and fructose. Substrate consumption in S. cerevisiae is characterized by a glucose repression mechanism that leads to preferred consumption of glucose. Thus, in principle growth on glucose should be faster than on sucrose. Interestingly, this is not the case - several previous studies on sucrose utilization by S. cerevisiae report higher specific growth rate of this yeast on sucrose, when compared to the growth on glucose. The precise mechanisms of gene regulation behind sucrose catabolism compared to glucose in S. cerevisiae have not yet been described, nor the metabolic makeup (i.e. metabolite concentrations and fluxes). In the project we will use bioreactor cultivations under aerobic and anaerobic conditions and apply current systems biology tools: metabolomics, fluxomics and mathematical modeling to gather insights into cellular metabolism and regulation. This work aims at unraveling sucrose metabolism using a systems biology approach, i.e. we will study the physiology of different S. cerevisiae strains on sucrose and analyze the extra- and intracellular metabolite concentrations to understand and eventually engineer yeast glycolysis for higher rates on glucose.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SOARES RODRIGUES, CARLA INES; WAHL, ALJOSCHA; GOMBERT, ANDREAS K.. erobic growth physiology of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on sucrose is strain-dependen. FEMS Yeast Research, v. 21, n. 3, . (17/18206-5, 17/08464-7, 16/07285-9)

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