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Stability of electrocatalysts towards the electro-oxidation of organic molecules

Grant number: 17/17644-9
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 15, 2017
Effective date (End): October 14, 2018
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry - Physical-Chemistry
Principal Investigator:Hamilton Brandão Varela de Albuquerque
Grantee:Jéssica Alves Nogueira
Supervisor: Nenad M Markovic
Host Institution: Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Research place: Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States  
Associated to the scholarship:15/09295-9 - Dynamic behavior in low-temperature fuel cells based on oxidation of small organic molecules, BP.DR


The development of efficient and reliable energy conversion devices depends on the design of more active and highly stable catalysts. Given that the current control over catalytic activity is more advanced than our understanding of the stability of surface atoms, it is paramount to establish functional links between activity/stability to enable synthesis of new materials with tailored properties. The recent development of in situ tools that combine surface electrochemistry to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS), opened the possibility of establishing structure/stability relationships on Pt single crystal surfaces, demonstrating that metal dissolution is influenced by the coordination of the surface atoms, composition of the electrical double-layer and electrolyte, and the type of electrochemical reaction. However, there are few studies on how the electrocatalysis of the oxidation of small organic molecules has an impact on the electrode stability. The group of Dr. Nenad Markovic from Argonne National Laboratory has been dedicated to understanding the functional links between structure and activity for many electrocatalytic reactions, recently expanding into establishing the structure-stability relationships. In order to investigate the dissolution of metals from electrodes during the oxidation of organic molecules, it is proposed to evaluate: i) the effect electrolyte composition (H2SO4 and HClO4); ii) combined with the type of surface, i.e., Pt(hkl), and to the nature of metal (Au, Pt, Ir, and Ru) for a fixed orientation; iii) with the type of molecule to be oxidized (CO, HCOOH, CH3OH and CH3OCH3); and finally, iv) how steady state or spontaneous oscillatory conditions further contribute to activity/stability trends.

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Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
NOGUEIRA, JESSICA A.; KRISCHER, KATHARINA; VARELA, HAMILTON. Coupled Dynamics of Anode and Cathode in Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. ChemPhysChem, v. 20, n. 22, SI, . (15/09295-9, 13/16930-7, 17/17644-9)
NOGUEIRA, JESSICA A.; LOPES, PIETRO P.; MARKOVIC, NENAD M.; VARELA, HAMILTON. Active electrochemical interfaces stabilized through self-organized potential oscillations. Electrochemistry Communications, v. 121, . (14/50279-4, 17/17644-9, 15/09295-9, 13/16930-7, 19/22183-6)
NOGUEIRA, JESSICA A.; VARELA, HAMILTON. Direct Liquid Fuel Cells-The Influence of Temperature and Dynamic Instabilities. ENERGY & FUELS, v. 34, n. 10, p. 12995-13009, . (15/09295-9, 17/17644-9, 13/16930-7)
NOGUEIRA, JESSICA A.; KRISCHER, KATHARINA; VARELA, HAMILTON. Coupled Dynamics of Anode and Cathode in Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. ChemPhysChem, v. 20, n. 22, p. 8-pg., . (15/09295-9, 17/17644-9, 13/16930-7)
TRIPKOVIC, D. V.; POPOVIC, K. DJ.; JOVANOVIC, V. M.; NOGUEIRA, J. A.; VARELA, H.; LOPES, P. P.; STRMCNIK, D.; STAMENKOVIC, V. R.; MARKOVIC, N. M.. Tuning of catalytic properties for electrooxidation of small organic molecules on Pt-based thin films via controlled thermal treatment. JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS, v. 371, p. 96-105, . (15/09295-9, 13/16930-7, 17/17644-9)

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