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Effect of chronic oral supplementation with L-glutamine and L-alanine, in their free forms or as dipeptide, on parameters associated with fatigue in rats submitted to resistance exercise

Grant number: 16/22789-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2017
Effective date (End): December 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition - Nutrition Biochemistry
Principal Investigator:Julio Orlando Tirapegui Toledo
Grantee:Audrey Yule Coqueiro
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas (FCF). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Fatigue is characterized by decline of strength level, intensity and velocity of muscle contraction, affecting physical performance. The amino acids glutamine and alanine are associated with delayed fatigue process, since they are important energy substrates and deliver ammonia to liver and kidneys, reducing accumulation of this toxic metabolite. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of chronic supplementation with L-glutamine and L-alanine on the fatigue development. Forty adult male Wistar rats will be randomly distributed in experimental groups: (SED untrained and receiving water) CTRL (trained and receiving water), ALA, GLN + ALA and DIP (trained and supplemented with L-alanine, L-alanine and L-glutamine in their free forms, and as dipeptide, respectively). The experiment will last eight weeks, and the last six weeks intended for resistance training, which consists of climbing a vertical ladder with cargo loading progressively increased (25-100% of body weight). The supplementation will be diluted in a 4% solution and offered orally, ad libitum, in the drinking water of the animals during the last 21 days of training (more intense exercise period). It will be analyzed plasma parameters: lactate, glucose, aminogram, hypoxanthine/xanthine, fatty acids, ammonia, Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), Creatine Kinase (CK), malondialdehyde, 8-isoprostane and glutathione; and tissue parameters: serotonin and dopamine in the hypothalamus, glycogen and ammonia (muscle and liver), muscle glutamine, glutamate and alanine, muscle expression of LDH, adenosine monophosphate deaminase enzyme (AMPD1), Citrate Synthase (CS) and monocarboxylate transporter 1 and 4 (MCT1 and MCT4), muscle histology and maximum load tests. (AU)

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
COQUEIRO, AUDREY YULE; RAIZEL, RAQUEL; BONVINI, ANDREA; ROGERO, MARCELO MACEDO; TIRAPEGUI, JULIO. Effects of glutamine and alanine supplementation on muscle fatigue parameters of rats submitted to resistance training. NUTRITION, v. 65, p. 131-137, . (16/04910-0, 16/22789-3)
COQUEIRO, AUDREY YULE; ROGERO, MARCELO MACEDO; TIRAPEGUI, JULIO. Glutamine as an Anti-Fatigue Amino Acid in Sports Nutrition. NUTRIENTS, v. 11, n. 4, . (16/04910-0, 16/22789-3)
BONVINI, A.; COQUEIRO, A.; FOCK, R.; BORELLI, P.; ROGERO, M.; TIRAPEGUI, J.. Comparison Between Different Branched-Chain Amino Acids Supplementation Protocols on Cytokines Synthesis in Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Macrophages. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, v. 73, n. 3, p. 1-pg., . (16/22789-3, 16/11360-6, 16/04910-0)
COQUEIRO, AUDREY YULE; RAIZEL, RAQUEL; BONVINI, ANDREA; HYPOLITO, THAIS; GODOIS, ALLAN DA MATA; ROCHA PEREIRA, JESSICA RAMOS; DE OLIVEIRA GARCIA, AMANDA BEATRIZ; BITTENCOURT LARA, RAFAEL DE SOUZA; ROGERO, MARCELO MACEDO; TIRAPEGUI, JULIO. Effects of Glutamine and Alanine Supplementation on Central Fatigue Markers in Rats Submitted to Resistance Training. NUTRIENTS, v. 10, n. 2, . (16/04910-0, 16/22789-3)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
COQUEIRO, Audrey Yule. Effects of glutamine and alanine supplementation, in their free form or as dipeptide, on fatigue parameters of rats submitted to resistance training. 2019. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ) São Paulo.

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