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Impact of maturity stage, bacterial inoculants and storage length on corn silage quality

Grant number: 17/00696-6
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2017
Effective date (End): February 28, 2019
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Animal Husbandry - Animal Nutrition and Feeding
Acordo de Cooperação: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Ricardo Andrade Reis
Grantee:Luis Gustavo Rossi
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Jaboticabal. Jaboticabal , SP, Brazil


Two studies will be carried out at the Laboratory of Forage and Pastures of the Animal Science Department of FCAV, Unesp, Câmpus de Jaboticabal, SP. In study 1, corn will be harvested with approximately 28 and 35% dry matter (DM) and ensiled without (control) or with L. buchneri in mini-silos. The mini-silos will be stored for 0, 120, 240 and 360 days. Corn silages will be evaluated to determine its chemical composition, fermentation profile, ttal DM loss and aerobic stability. The study 1 will be carried out under a completely randomized design in a factorial arrangement 2 (two stages of maturity) × 2 (with or without L. buchneri) × 4 (four storage times), with four replicates per treatment. In study 2, corn will be harvested with approximately 35% DM and ensiled without (control) or with L. buchneri, and stored for 120 and 360 days. Forty-eight sheep will be used in the feeding program and they will be kept in a feedlot. Eight sheep will be slaughtered after the adaptation phase to determine carcass weight. The diets will be composed of 35% espective silages described above and 65% concentrate (ground corn, soybean meal, urea and mineral supplement). Thereafter 65 days of feedlot, the sheep will be slaughtered for analysis of carcass yield and meat quality. Eight ruminally-cannulated sheep will be used in the evaluation of ruminal fermentation (i.e., pH, ammonia-N and short-chain fatty acids). The feeding program and ruminal fermentation will be conducted under a randomized block design in a factorial arrangement 2 (bacterial inoculation or not) × 2 (silage storage lengths), with 10 and 4 replicates per treatment, respectively. The data will be analyzed using the MIXED procedure of SAS version 9.4. (AU)

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
ROSSI, Luis Gustavo. Impact of maturity stage, use of bacterial inoculant and storage time on the quality of corn silage. 2020. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias. Jaboticabal Jaboticabal.

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