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Salivary histatins degradation in Down Syndrome subjects and antibacterial influence on periodontopathogens

Grant number: 17/00931-5
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2017
Effective date (End): April 30, 2018
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Periodontology
Principal researcher:Elisa Maria Aparecida Giro
Grantee:Natália Bertolo Domingues
Supervisor abroad: Walter Luiz Siqueira
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia (FOAr). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araraquara. Araraquara , SP, Brazil
Research place: Western University , Canada  
Associated to the scholarship:15/25294-2 - Salivary histatins degradation in Down syndrome subjects and antibacterial influence on periodontopathogens, BP.DR

Abstract

The aims of this study are to evaluate (1) proteolysis of histatins 1 and 5 in whole saliva of subjects with Down syndrome (DS) and periodontal disease (PD), and (2) the antimicrobial activity of degradation products against periodontopathogens. Twenty four subjects will be selected and allocated in the following groups (n=6): DS with PD, DS without PD, non-syndromic with PD and non-syndromic without PD (control group). After stimulated whole saliva collection, samples will be centrifuged in order to obtain the supernatant of whole saliva (WSS), aliquoted and stored at -80°C. Protein degradation will be performed by adding synthetic histatins 1 or 5 to pure WSS and diluted WSS (1:10). The samples will be incubated at 37°C for 0, 0.5, 1.5, 4, 6, 8, 24 and 48 hours. Next, reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), polyacrylamide cationic gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and mass spectrometry (MS) will be performed. Statistical tests will be defined based on variation factors of the experiments and on data distribution and homoscedasticity. The significance level will be set at 5%. (AU)

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