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Quantum Maxwell demon using superconducting devices in non-thermal baths

Grant number: 17/01324-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2017
Effective date (End): February 28, 2019
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Physics - General Physics
Acordo de Cooperação: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Frederico Borges de Brito
Grantee:Gabriela Fernandes Martins
Host Institution: Instituto de Física de São Carlos (IFSC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil


In the last two decades, the advent of quantum technologies and the improvement of means for assessing biological engines have fuelled the interest in understanding the physics of out-of-equilibrium small scale systems. Indeed, while is indisputable that thermodynamics is a cornerstone of any description of physical processes occurring in macroscopic systems, the perspective of having nano-mesoscopic systems operating on demand pushes one to deal with conditions for which thermodynamics loses accuracy. Even more, as the system gets smaller, quantum effects become relevant, introducing a new physical origin for fluctuations observed in their processes. In this context, it is a fair question whether the laws of thermodynamics are still valid, which naturally has fomented very much interest in the field. By the application of fluctuation theorems and stochastic thermodynamics, important progresses have been made in this arena, not only providing significant connections between thermodynamics and quantum information as well as leading to what is known as quantum fluctuation theorems. Indeed, soon it became clear that even the most basic physical concepts, e.g., work and cyclic processes, should be revisited.This project seeks to advance the theoretical study of the field, also known as quantum thermodynamics. Its main focus will be on developing a protocol for the implementation of a quantum Maxwell's demon, which could be operated in the presence of an engineered bath. Based on results attained by our group in collaboration with the experimental group of Prof. Lahaye in Syracuse University, we will investigate such an implementation in a hybrid superconducting device, looking for possible theoretical limits for processing operation, such that execution and efficiency. (AU)

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
MARTINS, Gabriela Fernandes. Autonomous quantum Maxwell’s demon using superconducting devices. 2019. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Física de São Carlos (IFSC/BT) São Carlos.

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