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Effects of colonic serotonergic activity on DNA damage inducing carcinogenesis Colon

Grant number: 17/01260-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2017
Effective date (End): August 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Genetics - Mutagenesis
Principal researcher:Vinicius Kannen Cardoso
Grantee:Juliana Yumi Sakita
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (FCFRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/06428-5 - Differentiating the effects of epithelial from the neural serotoninergic signalling during inflammation-related colon cancer, AP.JP

Abstract

Serotonin (5-HT) isneurohormone with multiple effects in mammals and has its synthesis initiated from tryptophan by the enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase I (Tph1). It has been thought that 5-HT promotes the colon tumor development, although recent data have shown that it inhibits the formation of preneoplastic lesions in the colon. Unpublished results from my Young Investigator Awards (FAPESP 2014/06428-5) reveal that 5-HT has the potential to modulate the occurrence of DNA damage in the intestinal colon. The current project aims to investigate how 5-HT modulates DNA damaging events in the colon. Mechanistic experiments in mice with or without deletion for Tph1 (WT; KO), and exposed to a carcinogenic agent together with pharmacological treatments to modulate the colonic serotonergic activity will clarify current hypothesis. Molecular biology methods will determine DNA damaging events, as well as the activation or silencing of DNA repair mechanisms. These DNA-based molecular events will be linked to the incidence of colon tumors in Tph1 WT and KO mice by histopathological studies. This project has the potential to reveal a new activity for 5-HT in colon carcinogenesis. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SAKITA, JULIANA Y.; BADER, MICHAEL; SANTOS, EMERSON S.; GARCIA, SERGIO B.; MINTO, STEFANIA B.; ALENINA, NATALIA; BRUNALDI, MARIANGELA O.; CARVALHO, MILENE C.; VIDOTTO, THIAGO; GASPAROTTO, BIANCA; MARTINS, RONALDO B.; SILVA, JR., WILSON A.; BRANDAO, MARCUS L.; LEITE, CAIO A.; CUNHA, FERNANDO Q.; KARSENTY, GERARD; SQUIRE, JEREMY A.; UYEMURA, SERGIO A.; KANNEN, VINICIUS. Serotonin synthesis protects the mouse colonic crypt from DNA damage and colorectal tumorigenesis. JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY, v. 249, n. 1, p. 102-113, SEP 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
. Effects of colonic serotonergic activity on DNA damage inducing colon carcinogenesis. 2018. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC) Ribeirão Preto.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.