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Arms import dependence in South America: a structural assessment

Grant number: 16/09593-2
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 08, 2016
Effective date (End): November 27, 2017
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - International Politics
Principal researcher:Héctor Luis Saint-Pierre
Grantee:Diego Lopes da Silva
Supervisor abroad: Aude-Emmanuelle Fleurant
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências (FFC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Marília. Marília , SP, Brazil
Research place: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Sweden  
Associated to the scholarship:15/07197-0 - The dependence on defense resources imports and the construction of the South American strategic identity, BP.DR

Abstract

The core objective of this project is to conduct a study on arms import dependence of non-Latin American suppliers in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela between 1950 and 2014. The research is inserted in a broader proposal - already under funding support by the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) - which aims to analyze the effects of this specific type of predicament in the proliferation of defense cooperative initiatives in South America. The hypothesis put forward by the main project argues that the acute dependence on imported armaments interferes negatively with the process of sub-regional defense cooperation. The test of this hypothesis necessarily requires an accurate assessment of the military dependence levels of the considered countries in a historical perspective - which is precisely the leading aspiration of the present proposal. Hence, we aim to i) assess domestic production capabilities: ii) analyze the possibilities for supplier diversification; iii) evaluate national levels of weapon maintenance capabilities; and iv) identify the motivations put forward to justify the procurements, specific suppliers, and types of weapons. The fulfillment of this project's objectives is imperative for the subsequent verification of a possible relationship between arms import dependence and the proliferation of defense cooperation initiatives in South America (AU)

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