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Qualitative changes of organic matter affected by soil use and management systems as revealed by spectroscopic techniques

Grant number: 16/02387-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2016
Effective date (End): July 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Soil Science
Acordo de Cooperação: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Débora Marcondes Bastos Pereira
Grantee:Clever Briedis
Host Institution: Embrapa Instrumentação Agropecuária. Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA). Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (Brasil). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/07276-1 - CEPOF - Optics and Photonic Research Center, AP.CEPID
Associated scholarship(s):17/23159-6 - Changes in quantity and quality of SOM in whole soils and fractions affected by times of adoption of no-till system: evidence from natural 13C abundance and solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy, BE.EP.PD


Inappropriate land use through conversion of native vegetation to agriculture, with intensive tillage, has been decreasing the soil organic matter (SOM) and increasing greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions, especially CO2. However, conservation agriculture techniques, like no till, has been helping to reverse this process and several studies have demonstrated its beneficial effect in increasing SOM and soil quality. Nevertheless, qualitative changes in SOM from different soil use and management systems are still unknown, especially in tropical and subtropical soils. Thus, this project aims to advance in the knowledge about the chemical and structural composition of SOM and its stabilization mechanisms in management systems. This enables the development of strategies that promote the long-term sequestration and maintenance of SOM in the soil. As a result, it will efficiently contribute for the GHG mitigation and for the improvement of environmental quality in agricultural lands. To achieve the objectives of this project, it will be used soil samples from three long-term experiments in the soil use and management, located in subtropical and tropical regions of Brazil. Several spectroscopic techniques will be used in intact soil, functional fractions and humic substances, in order to determine their humification degree and recalcitrance. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRIEDIS, CLEVER; BALDOCK, JEFF; DE MORAES SA, JOAO CARLOS; DOS SANTOS, JOSIANE BURKNER; BASTOS PEREIRA MILORI, DEBORA MARCONDES. Strategies to improve the prediction of bulk soil and fraction organic carbon in Brazilian samples by using an Australian national mid-infrared spectral library. Geoderma, v. 373, . (16/02387-8, 17/23159-6)
BRIEDIS, CLEVER; BALDOCK, JEFF; DE MORAES SA, JOAO C.; DOS SANTOS, JOSIANE B.; MCGOWAN, JANINE; MILORI, DEBORA M. B. P.. rganic carbon pools and organic matter chemical composition in response to different land uses in southern Brazi. European Journal of Soil Science, v. 72, n. 3, . (16/02387-8, 17/23159-6)

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