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The effect of carbon monoxide poisoning on the thermodynamic behavior of the respiratory system of the human body

Grant number: 16/13873-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2016
Effective date (End): July 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Mechanical Engineering - Thermal Engineering
Principal Investigator:Carlos Eduardo Keutenedjian Mady
Grantee:Juliana Rangel Cenzi
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica (FEM). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


This project aims at the assessment of the effects of carbon monoxide inhalation on the exergy behavior of the human body, since this is one of the most common air pollutants in urban centers and that more exergy destruction can be associated with an expectation lower life. For this purpose it will be used the carbon monoxide transport model developed by Neto Albuquerque (2005) to evaluate the concentrations of oxygen gases, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide in different tissues of the respiratory system. A Second Law Efficiency of the lung has been proposed and will used to evaluate the impacts of various concentrations of carbon monoxide. From previous analysis of the student, it was concluded that a higher rate of poisoning is associated with lower values of exergy efficiency and a higher concentration of hemoglobin associated with one monoxide poisoning leads to lower exergy efficiencies. Therefore, the objective is to continue such studies as well as complement the proposed model by entering the effect of binding oxygen and carbon monoxide with hemoglobin in the exergy model of the respiratory system. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CENZI, JULIANA RANGEL; ALBUQUERQUE, CYRO; KEUTENEDJIAN MADY, CARLOS EDUARDO. Phenomenological and Thermodynamic Model of Gas Exchanges in the Placenta during Pregnancy: A Case Study of Intoxication of Carbon Monoxide. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, v. 16, n. 21, . (15/22883-7, 16/13873-0)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
CENZI, Juliana Rangel. Effects of carbon monoxide inhalation in the exergy behaviour of the human body. 2018. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica Campinas, SP.

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